Terpene information




Terpenes are hydrocarbons that are produced by a wide range of plants. They are aromatic compounds responsible for the pungent odors associated with the hemp plant. Terpenes are what give a rose, lavender, cloves, etc. their distinct smells. Terpenes are used in a wide range of personal care products and scented sprays.


More than 20,000 terpenes exist in nature and the Cannabis Sativa (hemp) plant can produce more than 100 itself.


Terpenes are more than just aromatic compounds though. They are the main building blocks within a plant's physiology that play an important part in the production of plant resins, hormones, vitamins, plant pigments, as well as cannabinoids.


Terpenes comprise 10%-20% of the resin within the trichomes. Trichomes are mushroom shaped heads of resin glands produced by the Cannabis Sativa plant.


Terpenes play an important role in cannabis/hemp medicines. Certain terpenes can regulate how cannabinoids pass through the blood-brain barrier and can alter the rate of production and destruction of serotonin and dopamine neurotransmitters, therefore limiting the movement/availability to cannabinoid receptors.


Terpenes play an incredibly important role by providing us with natural protection from bacteria, fungus, insects, and other environmental stresses.


CBD does not have a direct binding affinity to the receptors in our body. That is why our bodies do not build a resistance to repeated use of Cannabidiol as they do with THC and opiate based medicines which bind directly to specific receptors throughout our bodies. Terpenes allow CBD to bind directly to the CB receptors in our body and skin. They allow CBD to cross the blood brain barrier. They mediate how much or how little crosses that barrier depending on what is needed to create balance and they make CBD more effective at lower doses, hence the entourage effect. This is why it is important to look for a CBD rich Hemp oil product that has a variety of natural, and/or added terpenes. Scientifically, terpenes derived from cannabis are the same chemical structure as terpenes derived from other natural sources. Adding certian terpenes may increase the ability and efficacy of cannabis supplementation, and target specific conditions.


Read Even More About Terpenes on MedicalJane.com


Terpene Facts


    • Pinene
      • Most common terpene found in the world
      • Enhances attention, memory, alertness, and energy
      • Reduces size of cancerous tumors
      • Bronchodilator, reduces inflammation in airways and all over the body
      • Able to cross the blood/brain barrier
      • Used in treating bacterial and viral infections
    • Limonene
      • Can help alleviate stress, anxiety, and depression
      • Gastric reflux and digestive aid
      • Inflammation reducer, modulator within the immune system
      • Anti-cancer, reduces tumor size and prevents spreading of malignant cells
    • Myrcene
      • Can have sedative, relaxing effects
      • Antiseptic, anti-fungal, and anti-bacterial
      • Acts as a regulator for other terpenes and cannabinoids, enhancing or buffering their effects
    • Caryophyllene
      • Antioxidant and anti-inflammatory
      • Can help with insomnia and muscle spasms
      • Increases bone mass
      • Blocks pain receptors
      • Targets CB2 receptors, ignoring CB1 receptors
      • Helps relieve anxiety and depression
    • Humulene
      • Anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial
      • Can help relieve pain
      • Acts as an appetite suppressant
    • Linalool
      • Has calming, sedative effects
      • Can help with stress, anxiety, depression, and insomnia
      • Anti-convulsant - may help with seizures, Parkinson's, and multiple sclerosis
      • Helpful for chronic pain
      • Studies suggest it can restore cognitive and emotional functioning (helpful for Alzheimer's Disease)
      • Immune booster
      • Significantly reduces lung inflammation


Terpenes used in the “new” KARMA FARMA blends and their scientifically proven therapeutic effects


Myrcene ~ (cannabis, hops, mangos, lemongrass, verbena) anti-inflammatory, sedative, analgesic, muscle relaxant, anti-mutagenic, antibiotic, acts on CB2 receptors, antioxidant, helps production of protective mucus which lines the gastrointestinal tract, positive actions in treatment of gastric ulcers


Beta Caryophyllene ~ (black pepper, cloves, hops, rosemary, cannabis, cinnamon) anti-inflammatory, analgesic, sedative, anti-cancer, anxiolytic, antidepressant, reduces alcohol cravings, protects cell lining and digestive tract


Delta 3 Carene ~ (pine & cedar trees, rosemary, basil, bell peppers, cannabis) anti-inflammatory, antifungal, sedative, antihistamine, promotes bone health, Studies suggest it promotes memory retention and mental sharpness


Eugenol ~ (cloves, cinnamon, turmeric, pepper, ginger, oregano, thyme) antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, anesthetic, antifungal, possible anticancer, analgesic, antioxidant (may stop oxidative stress from free radicals 5 X more effective than vitamin E


Linalool ~ (lavender, basil, cinnamon, hops, mugwort, cannabis, cilantro, coriander, marjoram) 


anxiolytic, antidepressant, anesthetic, sedative, anti-inflammatory, anti-epileptic, analgesic, anti-convulsant, 


Para Cymene ~ (thyme, oregano, cumin, cannabis) antibacterial, antifungal, analgesic, antinociceptive


Terpineol ~ (cardamom, lemon, common grape, bay laurel, dill, scots pine)  antibiotic, antioxidant, antitumor, sedative, anti-inflammatory, antimalarial, anxiolytic


Limonene ~ (lemon, celery, dill, fennel, cannabis, caraway, spearmint) immunostimulant, antibacterial, anticancer, antidepressant, anxiolytic, antifungal, treats acid reflux, reduces stress, elevates mood, improves absorption of other terpenes by way of skin mucus membrane and the digestive tract


Pinene (alpha & beta) ~ (cannabis, pine and coniferous trees, wormwood, rosemary, common sage)  bronchodilator, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial against strep, and staph, antibiotic, anticancer, increases alertness, antimicrobial, antiulcerogenic and gastroprotective properties, can decrease oil production in overly oily skin,  aids memory and may help with short term memory loss, aids in absorption of cannabinoids


Humulene ~ (cubeb pepper, savory, sage, hops,  ginseng, cannabis) antibacterial, antitumor, anti-inflammatory, pharma-kinetic, appetite suppressant


Terpinene ~ (cumin, hemp, syrian oregano, coriander) anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antioxidant, anti-proliferative


Bisabolol ~ (chamomile, cannabis, candia tree) anti-inflammatory, anti-irritant, antioxidant, antimicrobial, analgesic, aids absorption, inhibits enzymes that break down collagen and stimulates collagen production,  declares war on acne, rashes, rosacea, psoriasis, and eczema


Geraniol / Geranyl ~ (catnip, tea plant, common grape, basil, coriander, lemon, wild bergamot) antifungal, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antiviral, antispasmodic, anti oxidant, anti tumor, neuroprotectant, analgesic, potential to manage diabetes & hyperglycemia and help mitigate symptoms of atherosclerosis. Honey bees synthesize geraniol for marking fruit bearing trees and as a territorial mechanism


Carvacrol ~ (oregano, marjoram, caraway, mexican mint, winter savory, garden thyme) antibacterial, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, antiviral, antimicrobial, antibiotic, antioxidant, analgesic, fights candida, heals wounds, may improve gut health


Nerolidol ~ (ginger, jasmine, tea tree, lavender, lemongrass, cannabis) antifungal, antibacterial, antimicrobial, sedative, anxiolytic, anticancer, antioxidant, antimalarial, antiulcer, improves absorption through the skin, makes bacteria more susceptible to antibiotics, can help kill parasites, anti leishmaniasis


Nerol ~ (lemongrass, hops, cannabis) anti-inflammatory, reduces stress, stimulates circulation, enhances mood


Camphene ~ (lavender, fir, rosemary, sage)  antioxidant, antibacterial, antifungal, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, demonstrates ability to reduce cholesterol & triglyceride levels, the 2 main causes of heart attack and stroke, effective for psoriasis and eczema


Borneol ~ (common sage, rosemary, valerian, coriander, scots pine, cilantro, chinese parsley) the terpene that improves gut health, improves digestion (via the stimulation of gastric juice) and better blood circulation, helpful for 


bronchitis and asthma, effectively treats bronchial symptoms to improve lung function and ease breathing, anxiolytic, antibacterial, assists in healing wounds, antiseptic, sedative 


Fenchol ~  (purple dome aster, basil, cannabis)  antimicrobial, antifungal, antioxidant, antibacterial, has ketones (oils high in ketones are also known for their ability to regenerate cells and tissues), promotes healing of wounds. Classified as a monoterpene and a ketone


Terpinolene ~ (parsnip, celery, parsley, marjoram, valerian, scots pine, cannabis) mildly sedative, anxiolytic, antiseptic, antifungal, antibacterial, antimicrobial, antioxidant




Pain and Inflammation ~ Myrcene, Beta Caryophyllene, Delta 3 Carene, Linalool, Para Cymene, Limonene, Geraniol, Carvacrol, Terpineol, Humulene, Bisabolol, Eugenol, Nerol, alpha-Pinene, beta-Pinene, Terpinene, Camphene, Lime Terpenes.


Anxiety and Stress ~ Linalool, Limonene, Beta Caryophyllene, Terpinolene, Nerol, Trans Nerolidol, Borneol, Terpineol, alpha-Pinene, beta-Pinene, Camphene, Humulene, Geraniol, Myrcene, Eugenol, Carvacrol, Para Cymene, Delta 3 Carene, Orange & Lime Terpenes.


Sleep ~ Beta Caryophyllene, Myrcene, Linalool, Delta 3 carene, Terpineol, Trans Nerolidol, Terpinolene, Borneol, Geraniol, Eugenol, alpha-Pinene, Limonene, Nerol, Camphene.


Focus and Alert ~ Limonene, Nerol, alpha-Pinene, beta-Pinene, Geraniol, Humulene, Borneol, Beta Caryophyllene, Camphene, Terpinene, Eugenol, Linalool, Terpinolene, Trans Nerolidol, Lemon & Lime Terpenes.


Max Health ~ Myrcene, Terpineol, Delta 3 Carene, Eugenol, Limonene, Beta Caryophyllene, Geraniol, Trans Nerolidol, Bisabolol, Linalool, Terpinolene, alpha-Pinene, Humulene, Nerol, Fenchol, Camphene, Borneol, Para Cymene, Carvacrol.

 Defense ~  Limonene, Nerolidol, Borneol, Terpineol, Beta Caryophyllene, Linalool, Carvacrol, Ocimene, Geraniol, Terpinolene, Fenchol, Carvone, Ocimene, Geranyl Acetate, Guaiene, Delta 3 Carene, Terpinene

Scientifically speaking, terpenes have the same chemical structure regardless of what plant they are derived from. We do not use terpenes from cannabis plants, due to the cost of extracting from a higher value plant source. Terpenes are found in all plants, and play a crucial role in maintaining optimum health. Visit our website at www.karmafarma1000.com for valuable information on terpenes.